Piri Reis Chart
Piri Reis, the well-known Turkish admiral and mariner, compiled his work known as Kitab- Bahriye in 1531 which shows the courses in the Mediterranean.

This book features information, definitions and drawings about the Mediterranean coasts that are invaluable for navigation. Another important contribution of Piri Reis to the maritime cartography is his chart which shows all known courses in the 16th century.